Solar panels work by capturing sunlight and converting it into electricity.
Each panel is made up of small cells, called photovoltaic cells. When sunlight hits these cells, direct current (DC) electricity is created. A component of your solar energy system, called a solar inverter, transforms the DC electricity into AC electricity, which can be used to power your home or business.
The AC electricity is sent directly to your electrical panel and distributed throughout your home or building as needed. Any excess electricity that’s generated is sent to a solar battery, where it can be stored for later use, or to the electric grid.